HERNIA: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

What is a hernia?

When an organ pulls through a hole in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place, it is called a hernia. The intestines, for example, could break through a weak spot in the abdominal wall.

Hernias most commonly develop between the chest and hips, however, they can also occur in the upper thigh and crotch. Although most hernias aren’t life-threatening, they don’t go away on their own. They may require surgery to avoid serious complications.

Type of Hernia:

  • Inguinal hernia
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Umbilical hernia
  • Ventral hernia

Symptoms of a hernia

A bulge or lump in the affected area is the most prevalent symptom of a hernia. An inguinal hernia, for example, may cause a bump on either side of your pubic bone, where your groin and thigh meet.  When you’re lying down, you could notice that the lump “disappears.” When you’re standing up, bending down, or coughing, you’re more likely to feel your hernia through touch. There may also be discomfort or pain in the area surrounding the bump. Some hernias, such as Hiatal hernias, have more particular signs and symptoms. Heartburn, difficulty swallowing, and chest pain are some of the symptoms. Hernias often go undetected because they have no symptoms. You may not be aware that you have a hernia until it becomes painful.

Hernia Causes 

A combination of muscular weakness and strain causes hernias. A hernia can grow fast or slowly, depending on the reasons.

The following are some of the most common causes of muscle weakness or strain that can lead to a hernia:

  • a congenital issue that develops in the womb and is present at birth, as well as old damage from an injury or surgery
  • lifting large weights or doing intense exercise
  • Coughing for a long time or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) (COPD)
  • pregnancy, particularly if there are many pregnancies
  • Constipation, is a condition that causes you to strain when going to the bathroom.
  • Obesity or being overweight causes ascites.

Treatment for a hernia

Surgical correction is the only technique to adequately treat a hernia. The extent of your hernia and the severity of your symptoms will determine whether you require surgery. Your doctor may merely want to keep an eye on your hernia for any potential complications. This strategy is known as “watchful waiting.” Wearing a truss can help relieve hernia symptoms in some circumstances. A truss is a supporting undergarment that aids in the retention of the hernia. Before utilising a truss, check with your doctor to ensure that it fits properly. Over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medications that reduce stomach acid can relieve discomfort and improve symptoms if you have a hiatal hernia. Antacids, H2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors are examples.