The formation of kidney stone occurs when broken-up minerals form on the inward side of the kidneys. A few different mixes of calcium oxalate might be used to create them, but the material is mainly calcium oxalate. Small stones pass through the urinary tract without causing any harm, but they can also cause extreme pain as they depart.

Diagnosis of Kidney Stone:

An experienced kidney stone specialist will explain what a kidney stone is. Crystals, salts, and minerals collect in the kidneys to form kidney stones. It is, however, possible for them to develop along any part of our urinary tracts, such as our kidneys, ureters, bladders, or urethrae. In Pune, kidney stone treatment is available from kidney specialists.

Kidney specialists at PINU are one of the best in Pune who treats kidney stones properly and diagnoses them quickly. A urologist in Pune specializing in miniaturized surgical procedures is known as one of the best. Surgical procedures for various kidney stones of different sizes have been successfully performed. With his excellent results and 100% success rate, PINU is an extremely popular and superb kidney stone doctor. This highly renowned physician is a trendy and outstanding professional in his field. With his patients, he keeps a dedicated approach and follows the appropriate treatment method for their condition. In Pune, he provides kidney stone treatment that is effective and affordable.

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stone

  • Fever and chills.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Urgent needs to go.
  • Illness and vomiting.
  • Dark or smelly urine.
  • Going a little amount at a time.
  • Pain or burning during urination.
  • Pain in the backbone, stomach, belly, or side.

Treatment options:

Depending on the type of stone, the treatment is tailored. An evaluation may be performed based on stone content and urine straining.

Water consumption, particularly six and seven glasses per day, facilitates urine flow. When a person is severely dehydrated or has severe nausea and vomiting, intravenous fluids are sometimes required.

There are several treatment options available:

  • Shockwave lithotripsy (SWL)
  • Ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
  • Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS)
  • Lap-assisted PCNL and endoscopic surgery are frequently used surgical methods to treat or remove kidney stones effectively.

Type of kidney stone:

  • Cystine Stones
  • Calcium Stones
  • Struvite Stones
  • Uric Acid Stones

1. Calcium oxalate stones

A kidney stone of this type is the most common type. Moody, hard masses form in the kidney due to the excess accumulation of calcium, cysteine, oxalate, or phosphate in the blood and insufficient liquid in the kidney. The stone can be of various types. The type of stone you have will depend on what your doctor determines. The urine contains too much oxalate, which causes calcium oxalate stones. 

2. Uric acid stones

In children, radiolucent kidney stones are most commonly caused by these conditions. Purine metabolism products can precipitate in low urine pH if they are nearly insoluble. Adenine, dihydroxyadenine, 2 to 8 xanthine, and uric acid cover these components. In metastable urine concentrates, calcium oxalate may precipitate due to uric acid crystals.

 3. Cystine kidney stones:

In cystinuria, an overflow of cystine in the urine leads to cystine kidney stones, caused by an amino acid transporting disorder. Cystine stones result from cystine overflowing due to cystine in the urine.

 4. Struvite stones

An example of struvite stones is solid mineral deposits that may develop in the kidney. Minerals like calcium and phosphate start to crystalize and stick together, forming stones inside your kidneys. In your urinary tract, bacteria create struvite, which is a mineral.


It is possible to experience painful urination in many situations. There are several causes of urinary incontinence, such as infection or difficulties with the urethra, kidney, bladder, or prostate.

It is possible to have a kidney stone if you experience sudden and severe pain in the back, side, abdomen, groin, or genital region that increases in waves over time. Blood in the urine, frequent, painful urination, nausea, and vomiting are other common symptoms.

It is recommended, however, that an evaluation be performed. An emergency room visit is recommended if you think you might have a kidney stone, especially if the pain is unbearable, intense, uncontrollable, or unsustainable. A hospital doctor can diagnose and treat a kidney stone in active development.

The chances of smaller stones passing on their own are higher than larger ones. The time it takes for a stone to give will depend on many factors, including whether the pain is bearable at that time, whether an infection is present, whether the kidney is not entirely blocked, and whether the stone is small enough to pass. You must seek Kidney stone treatment in Pune from Dr. XYZ after experiencing unbearable pain.